Mr Luyanda Mafumbu

Level of Study: 
Geography & Environmental Science
Evaluation of Community’s Access to Coastal Resources: A Case Study of Ngqushwa Coastal Community, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

This study emerges against a backdrop of longstanding marginalisation of rural coastal communities, whom, though they are endowed with resources but they continue to suffer poverty, unemployment and inequality. Despite international and national laws which seeks to transform the injustices of the past, coastal communities are disproportionately denied the benefit of coastal access (Garcia and Baltodano, 2005). Though their rights are entrenched in the Constitution of RSA and other statutory mechanisms, realisation of those rights remains a challenge (Fabricius, et. al, 2004).Literature review indicate that there is a lack of adequate studies that has been done on equitable access focusing on coastal communities (Mackintosh, 2011). Therefore, this study could contribute to the body of knowledge regarding the understanding of public coastal access. This research could potentially identify areas of non-compliance with the Integrated Coastal Management Act, especially section 13 which guarantees equitable access right to coastal public property. Furthermore, a community based access model will be developed.This study will use mixed method to research a question. This will assist in providing a more comprehensive and in depth analysis of the research problem. Therefore, triangulation of data and methods will be employed in this study. In this study, survey questionnaire, interviews and observations will be used to collect data. In order to make the research result bias free, valid and generalised, triangulation plays an important role in this area by increasing the rate of certainty and bringing neutrality (Karim, 2017). Triangulation allows the researcher to benefit from the advantages of different approaches, counterbalancing the defects of one approach with qualities of the other (Turner, Cardinal and Burton, 2015). For the purpose of this study both primary and secondary data will be used.