Mr Olona Mtintsilana
Climate variability actively affects rural livelihoods and agricultural productivity, yet climate variability is just one of many stresses that vulnerable rural households have to cope with. Without measures at local and national level to adapt to climate change, risk of food insecurity will continue to increase. Despite the importance of adaptation at household level, socio-economic factors act as barriers for the vulnerable rural households to adapt to climate change. This study will therefore explore adaptation mechanisms and adaptation options employed by rural households and barriers to adaptation at Thyume Valley in the midst of climate variability. The objectives of the study are to: 1) Identify the strategies that households have adopted to cope with the effects of climate variability on crop production. 2)To assess the impact of adaptation strategies employed at Thyume Valley on food crop production. 3)To explore factors hindering adoption of climate variability adaptation strategies in Thyume Valley. Household sample will be randomly drawn from villages selected from the Thyume Valley communities. Information will be elicited from the selected households with the aid of semi-structured questionnaire. Data gathered will be subjected to descriptive statistics, Propensity score matching and Binary model. We anticipated that the households are currently aware of climate change and are currently exploring various indigenous strategies to maintain their food security. It is also hypothesized that factors such as households’ socio-demographic characteristics will influence adaptation strategies adopted by households.