Mr Kwabena Manu
Water shortages are posing major challenges for many countries most especially the emerging countries in Africa. South Africa, specifically is a water scarce country with high pressure on the inadequate water resources which has to be prudently managed and protected. The main drivers of this cause is attributed to climatic change, extreme droughts and poor management of already developed water reservoir. A global growing demand of water has resulted in the need for innovative water management habits to combat water scarcity. This work seeks to demonstrate the use of relevant Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to raise awareness to stakeholders on the significance of water conservation and sustainability. ICTs are very valuable in enabling the sharing of knowledge and information on water resources for households and for industrial use. This project proposes the development of a mobile application named ‘SaveAmanzi’ that could be used to tackle water management issues such as undetected leakages due to faulty water regulatory mechanisms. The research makes use of both theoretical and experimental methodology using random sampling to select households that will answer questionnaires in both Alice and Fort Beaufort. The research explores how household and community water security can be accomplished through ICT driven incorporated water management and better communication amongst individuals and organizations for water shortage moderation and water disaster management. Based on examples and cases from various parts of the world, the paper investigates ICT role in observation, measurement, implementation, networking, communication, forecast and monitoring and assessment. The results from this study will reveal how ICTs can contribute to water management. It is also anticipated that this work will raise awareness to the community on water availability and conservation. Information gathered from the work could be utilized by other stakeholders and relevant government authorities in policy making and regulation of law relating to water usage.