Undergraduate

FIRST YEAR CHEMISTRY

 

All the BSc students majoring in Chemistry (single and double majors) register for PAC110 and are examined at the end of the first semester. They can then proceed to PAC121 and are examined in November. BAgric students register for PAC 101 and study over 2 semesters and write the examination in November.  BSc students majoring in Chemistry also register for MAT111 (or MAT112), plus students should register for MAT121 (or MAT123) and pass it by the beginning of their third year.

 

PAC 110:    Basic Chemistry. (Equivalent to PAC 101)

Purpose:      To lay the foundation in stoichiometry, structural chemistry, and solution chemistry.

Contents:     Basic  concepts  of  matter;  Gases;  Chemical  arithmetic;  Chemical analysis; Thermochemistry; Atomic structure; Chemical bonding; Solution chemistry; Acid-base equilibria; Redox equilibria.

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials

Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: none

 

PAC 111F   Refer to PAC 110 for information.

PAC 121F

 

PAC 121:    Descriptive Chemistry.

Purpose:    To lay the foundation in the chemistry of inorganic and organic compounds, as well as qualitative and quantitative analysis.

Contents:  Chemistry of the elements and their compounds (occurrence, nomenclature, synthesis, properties, and application); Theory of solubility;  Analytical   groups   of   ions;   Qualitative   and   quantitative analysis; Classes of organic compounds (nomenclature, structure, synthetic methods, basic physical and chemical properties).

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 110

 

PAC 113F   Refer to PAC 121 for information.

PAC123F

 

SECOND  YEAR CHEMISTRY

Only the students with PAC 110 and PAC 121 plus MAT 111 (MAT 112) can

proceed to second year, but they should register for MAT 121 (MAT 123) and pass it by the beginning of the third year. There are two options.

Option 1: Chemistry / Applied Chemistry majors. They must register for all modules listed.

Option 2: Chemistry / Other Branch of Science majors. They must register for PAC

211, PAC 213, PAC 222, PAC 223, and PAC 224.

 

PAC 211:    Inorganic Chemistry 1

Purpose:   To  expand  the  knowledge  of  inorganic,  coordination,  and organometallic chemistry, as well as theoretical models of structural inorganic chemistry.

Contents:   Chemical bonding; Transition elements and basic organometallic compounds; Theory of coordination compounds; Reaction ability of coordination compounds.

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 100, MAT 111/112 & MAT 121/123

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Chemistry and related Science discipline.   May be a service course for B.Sc. students in Agriculture.

 

PAC 222:    Analytical Chemistry 1

Purpose:      To provide knowledge in quantitative chemical analysis.

Contents:  Statistical evaluation of data; Laboratory techniques; Titrimetry; Gravimetric analysis;

Non-aqueous solvents; Separation techniques. Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 211

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Chemistry and related Science discipline.   May be a service course for B.Sc. students in Agriculture.

 

PAC 213:    Organic Chemistry 1

Purpose:      To expand the knowledge of major classes of organic compounds. Contents:    The nature of organic compounds; Alkanes; Alkenes; Alkynes; Alkyl

halides; Alcohols; Ethers; Aldehydes and ketones; Carboxylic acids. Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials.

Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 100, MAT 111/112

 

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Chemistry and related Science discipline. May be a service course for B.Sc. students in Agriculture.

 

PAC 223:    Organic Chemistry 2

Purpose:      To give advanced knowledge of classes of organic compounds as well as structural organic chemistry.

Contents:     Carbonyl chemistry; Aromatic compounds; The structure of benzene; Polycyclic aromatic

hydrocarbons; Carbohydrates; Stereochemistry; Phenols. Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials.

Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 213.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Chemistry and related Science discipline.   May be a service course for B.Sc. students in Agriculture.

 

PAC 224:    Physical Chemistry 1

Purpose:      To give comprehensive knowledge of chemical thermodynamics. Contents:    Gases; Thermodynamics; Solutions; Electrochemistry. Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials.

Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 211 and PAC 213.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Chemistry and related Science discipline. May be a service course for B.Sc. students in Agriculture.

 

PAC 225:    Chemical Technology 1

Purpose:    To give comprehensive knowledge of processes and apparatus of industrial chemistry and manufacturing of inorganic compounds.

Contents:     Apparatus and plant equipment; Industrial inorganic chemicals; Fossil fuels; Mineralogical and geological chemistry; Extractive metallurgy; Air pollution and industrial hygiene; Water treatment and disposal; Pharmaceuticals.

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 211.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry.

 

PAC 216:    Environmental Chemistry 1

Purpose:      To lay foundations of general environmental science and environmental health.

 

Contents:   Analyzing environmental issues from global and regional levels; Sustainable development; Concept of Integrated Life-Cycle management; Environmental health.

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 100, MAT 111/112.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry.

 

PAC 227:    Materials Chemistry 1

Purpose:      To give comprehensive knowledge of modern inorganic materials. Contents:    Molecular  superconductors;  Molecular  inorganic  magnetic  materials;

Metal-containing materials for non-linear optics; Intercalation compounds; Biogenic materials.

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 213.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry.

 

PAC 218:    Computational Chemistry 1

Purpose:      To give knowledge of mathematical methods in chemistry, as well as modern software applied in chemistry.

Contents:     A  review  of  the  mathematical  methods  with  the  emphasis  on  the chemical illustrations;

Information  technology in  chemistry;  Computational  chemistry; Problems with closed-form algorithms; Roots of equation; Systems of linear simultaneous equations; Regression analysis;

Operating systems; General software. Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 100, MAT 111/112.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry.

 

THIRD YEAR CHEMISTRY

 

 

 

Option 1. Chemistry / Applied Chemistry majors must have passed all PAC 200 courses, as well as MAT 111 (or MAT 112) and MAT 121 (or MAT123). They register for all the courses listed.

 

Option 2. Chemistry / Other Branch of Science double majors must have passed

PAC 211, PAC 222, PAC 213, PAC 223, PAC 224, MAT 111 (or MAT 112) and MAT

121 (or MAT123). They register for PAC 321, PAC 312, PAC 323, PAC 314, and

PAC 324.

 

PAC 321:    Inorganic Chemistry 2

Purpose:    To give profound knowledge of modern principles of inorganic, organometallic, and coordination chemistry.

Contents:     Deviation of properties. Periodic table revisited. Mono- and polyatomic elements.

Thermodynamic stability. Solid state. Types of solids and basic crystallography, Semi- and

superconductivity, stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric compounds. Chemistry of p-, d- and f-block elements. Organometallic and coordination chemistry. Structural studies by physical methods. Radiochemistry. Radioactive decay and decay series. Kinetics of radioactive decay, half-life of isotopes, carbon dating, measurement of activity, scintillation detector (Ge - Li and Si - Li detectors). Nuclear binding  energy.  Mass  defect  and  packing  fraction.  Stability  and

transformation, fission and fusion reactions. Applications of radioisotopes.  Organometallic compounds.  Nomenclature, classification, and coordination modes. Basic synthetic methods. Elucidation   of   structure.   Theoretical   modeling   of   organometallic

compounds and reactions. Ab initio approach, density functional theory

and molecular mechanics. Reactivity of organometallic compounds. Types of reactions and their mechanism. Organometallic catalysis. Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. Surface immobilized organometallic functional groups. Applied aspects. Hydrodesulfurization and hydrodenitrification.  Utilization  of  carbon  monoxide. Organometallic polymers.

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 312, PAC 314.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry as well as in

Chemistry and related Science discipline.

 

PAC 312:    Analytical Chemistry 2

Purpose:      To  give  profound  knowledge  of  instrumental  methods  of  chemical analysis and industrial control.

Contents:  Spectroscopy.  Principles,  instrumentation  and  application of spectroscopic techniques (molecular and atomic spectroscopic methods). Electromagnetic radiation. Electronic spectra and molecular structure. UV–visible spectroscopy. IR Spectroscopy. Molecular fluorescence. Atomic emission and absorption spectroscopy. Atomic fluorescence spectroscopy. Electroanalytical methods. Electrochemical cells   and   electrode   potential.   Potentiometry   and   potentiometric titrations. Coulommetry. Voltammetry. Voltammetric cell. Amperometry. Polarography. Anodic and cathodic stripping voltammetry. Special Topics.  Principles  of  organization  of  the  research  and  industrial chemical laboratory. Interfacing and relevant software. Data acquisition block. Unification of physical methods. Spectroelectrochemistry as an illustration. Web-assisted

experimentation.

 

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 200, MAT 121/123.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry as well as in

Chemistry and related Science discipline.

 

PAC 323:    Organic Chemistry 3

Purpose:      To expand knowledge of advanced organic and polymer chemistry. Contents:    Nomenclature of polyfunctional groups. Alkyl halides and the ozone

hole. Ethanol as a chemical drug and poison. Nylons – step-growth polymers (polyamides). Thiol esters – biological carboxylic derivatives. Alicyclic compounds. Fused ring aromatic heterocyclics. Pericyclic reactions and naturally occurring amines (morphines, alkaloids). Spectroscopy. Chemistry of synthetic high polymers. Physical properties. Plastic manufacture and processing. Plastic fabrication and uses. Synthetic elastomers and natural rubber. Textiles and fibers.

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 312, PAC 314, PAC223

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry as well as in

Chemistry and related Science discipline.

 

PAC 314:    Physical Chemistry 2

Purpose:    To give comprehensive knowledge of chemical kinetics, quantum chemistry, and molecular spectroscopy.

Contents:     Chemical kinetics. Order and molecularity. Formal kinetics. Complex reactions. Reaction mechanisms. Temperature dependence of reaction rates. Active collisions and transition state theory. Chain reactions. Photochemistry. Catalysis. Quantum chemistry. Postulates of quantum mechanics. Exact solutions of Schrödinger equation. Variation principle and perturbation theory. Many-electron atoms. Molecules. Simple Hückel theory. Molecular spectroscopy. General principles. Their application to rotational, vibrational and electronic spectra of molecules. Resonance. Nuclear magnetic and electronic paramagnetic resonance.

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 200, MAT 121/123.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry as well as in

Chemistry and related Science discipline.

 

PAC 324:    Physical Chemistry 3. Surface and colloid chemistry.

Purpose:      To give advanced knowledge of disperse systems, surface phenomena, and catalysis.

 

Contents: Scope and variables. Sedimentation and diffusion. Solution thermodynamics (osmotic and Donnan equilibria). Rheology of dispersions. Radiation scattering. Surface tension and contact angle. Adsorption from solution and monolayer formation. Colloidal structures in  surfactant  solutions.  Adsorption  at  gas-solid  interfaces.  Van  der Waals forces.  Electrical  double  layer  and  its  interactions. Electrophoresis and other electrokinetic phenomena. Colloid stability.

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 312, PAC 314.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry as well as in

Chemistry and related

Science discipline.

 

PAC 315:    Chemical Technology 2

Purpose:    To give knowledge of manufacturing of basic classes of organic compounds.

Contents:   Technological schemes for the production of inorganic and organic compounds. Food chemistry. Plastic manufacture and processing. Detergents. Dyes. Organic pigments. Fluorescent brighteners. Photographic   sensitizers.   Coatings,   inks   and   related   products. Cellulose. Lignin. Paper and other wood products. Industrial carbohydrates. Industrial organic chemicals, leather, fats, and waxes.

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 200, MAT 121/123.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry.

 

PAC 326:    Environmental Chemistry 2

Purpose:      To provide knowledge of environmental pollution and monitoring. Contents:    Renewable resources. Soil, fresh water and marine systems, plants

and wild life. Non-renewable Resources. Terrestrial and offshore minerals. Pollution and Effects. Air pollution. Water pollution. Soil pollution. Mining and air pollution. Environmental Concerns of oil exploration. Pesticides. Radiation. Advanced Techniques in Environmental Monitoring. Extractive concentration techniques. Spectroscopic methods. Electro-analytical methods. Application of GC, GC-MS and GC/MS –MS in environmental analysis. XRF and instrumental NAA techniques.

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 312, PAC 314.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry.

 

PAC 317:    Material Chemistry 2

Purpose:      To provide knowledge of modern organic and organometallic materials. Contents:    Clay    chemistry.    Introduction.    Clay-mediated    organic    reactions.

Polymeric coordination complexes: bridging molecular metals and conductive polymers. Introduction. Examples of polymeric systems. Electrochemical characterization of soluble polymeric coordination complexes. Metal-containing liquid crystals. The thermotropic liquid crystal state. Lyotropic liquid crystals. Mesophase characterization. Metal complexes as liquid crystals. Mesomorphic coordination complexes of monodentate, bidentate, and polydentate ligands. Organoiron   liquid   crystals.   Precursors   for   electronic   materials. Electronic materials. Methods for crystal growth. Requirements for precursors. Precursors for III / V materials. Precursors for II / VI materials.   Precursors   for   oxides.   Other   materials   important   in

semiconductor fabrication. Update (organic semiconductors, oxides, metallization, nanodispersed electronic materials).

Instruction:  Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials. Credits:        16

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 200, MAT 121/123.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry.

 

PAC 328:    Computational Chemistry 2

Purpose:      To provide knowledge of numerical methods of chemistry and chemical information systems.

 

 

implementation,   maintenance   and   review.

End-user

computing

concepts and tools.

 

 

Instruction:

Lectures, laboratory course, and tutorials.

 

 

Credits:

16

 

 

 

Contents:     Numerical   integration.   Trapezoidal   rule.   Simpson‟s   rule.   Cotes numbers. Gaussian quadrature. The Monte-Carlo method. Statistical treatment of data. Fugacity. Analysis of mixtures by gas chromatography. Heat capacity. Electronic energy levels. Differential equations. Euler‟s method. The Runge-Kutta method. The predictor- corrector method. Systems of differential equations. Higher-order differential equations. The Monte-Carlo method. Kinetic schemes. Ecosystems.  Eigenvalues and  eigenvectors.  Evaluation  by determinants. The Jacobi method. Simulation of NMR spectra. Hückel molecular orbital theory. Special software. Mathcad, Scientific Word and Maple. Interrelation between them. Mathematica. Hyperchem. Moby. Gaussian. Internet. Web page. Search engines. Chemical and applied chemical sites. Communication. Overview of the information systems in chemistry. Hardware, input, processing, and output devices. Software:  programming,  operating  systems and  applications. Organizing data and information: files and databases. Telecommunications: media and devices, networks and applications. Chemical information systems. Processing, artificial intelligence and expert systems. Systems development, analysis, design, acquisitions,

 

Assessment: Major tests, laboratory reports, assignments, three-hour examination paper.

Pre-requisites: PAC 312, PAC 314.

Target group: Students majoring in Chemistry and Applied Chemistry.